Who is the artist and mission in the sketch of a visit by the French explorer, La Perouse, to a Californian mission in 1787?
Searching the web I recently discovered a sketch on your site relevant to some research I am doing on early contact between the Catholic Church and Aboriginal people in Australia. The particular sketch was of a visit by the French explorer, La Perouse, to a Californian mission in 1787 --- the year before he arrived in Australia and subsequently disappeared with his entire expedition in the Pacific. I am seeking information about the following and would appreciate any help you could give: (a) Is the artist who produced this sketch known and is there any other source of the sketch other than in your collection? (b)Can the mission depicted in the sketch be identified? (c) If so, can the Native American tribe be idenified? (d) Can any of the Europeans in the sketch be identified? (e) Finally, what copyright conditions do I need to meet if I want to use the illustrations in both lectures and (possibly) in a book I am researching.
We can provide some further information on the sketch:
a. The original drawing was done by Gaspard Duche' de Vaney, but was lost. A watercolor from this orginal is attributed to either Tomas de Suria or Jose Cardero. Most cite Cardero.
b. If you require a high resolution copy of the drawing and an academic source I believe that it is available at the Bancroft Library, University of California Berkeley (the Robert B. Honeyman Jr. Collection).
c. The mission in question was San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo, the second mission in the chain of missions established by the Spanish in the territory they called Alta California. The mission was founded on June 3, 1770 and initially located at the presidio in Monterey (which became the headquarters of both Alta and Baja Califonria). In 1771 the mission was relocated a few miles south in the Carmel Valley.
d. The principal Indian linguistic group in the Monterey area were Costanoan, primary the Mutsun tribelet. For details see Costanoan by Richard Levy in Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 8 (California), pp. 486-495.
A day after we answered this question we received the following email:
Thank you very much for your very prompt and most helpful reply to my inquiry