Native Americans of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad
Soledad was established in a remote region about 30 miles southeast of Monterey. It was a "hardship" post which suffered high missionary turnover. There were relatively few Native Americans who lived in the immediate vicinity. Mission records show that the following people were brought into Mission Soledad: Yokuts, Esselen and Salinan as well as natives of the Cholan triblet of the Coastanoan language family.1
After secularization this mission declined rapidly. When the last missionary, Fr. Vicente Francisco de Sarría, died in 1835 he was carried on a litter by loyal neophytes to San Antonio de Padua, some 25 miles away.
The remaining neophytes at the Soledad mission left soon after their priest died and it became apparent there would be no replacement.
- 1. For information on the natives who lived at this mission see:
"Esselen" pp 496-499 and "Salinan" pp. 500-504 by Thomas Roy Hester; "Costanoan" pp 485-495 by Richard Levy; and "Southern Valley Yokuts" pp 448-461 and "Northern Valley Yokuts" pp 462-470 by William Wallace in Volume 8 CALIFORNIA in the Handbook of American Indians, Smithsonian Institution: Washington D.C., 1978