San Gabriel Arcángel
"The Indians who occupied most of present day Los Angeles County were [after the Chumash] the wealthiest, most populous, and most powerful ethnic nationality in aboriginal southern California " according to Lowell John Bean. They spoke "one of the Cupan languages in the Takic family." These natives lived in over 50 villages, each of which held between fifty to two-hundred natives. Before the Spanish arrived in force the total population is estimated to be about 5,000.