Common Terms of the California Missions
A Roman Catholic priest.
A mission register of neophyte families which was like a census.
An Indian house-servant for the mission fathers
A baker or bread-maker.
Chumash term referring to the leader of several villages.
An early explorer who established trails in un-charted territory.
A rectangular central public area. All of the Spanish pueblos (towns) and most of the missions included a plaza.
Original Hispanic settler.
Decorated with several colors.
A gate or doorway.
A porridge or thick soup of wheat, corn, beans or horse beans and meat.
Chief Religious Official in the mission territory, appointed by the apostolic college of which he was a member. After 1812, some of the responsibilities were taken over by a Commisary Prefect.
Fortified military outpost or fort. The Spanish presidios in Alta California included barracks, workshops, stables and a chapel.
A privately owned vessel armed and equipped at the owner’s expense, for the purpose of carrying on a maritime war by the authority of one of the belligerent parties. The privateer was authorized to appropriate captured property. The men who sailed on one of the vessels were also called privateers.
Friar appointed to take care of business matters. The procurator of San Fernando College purchased supplies for the California missions.
The non-Indian towns established to help colonize Alta California.
Raised platform in a church used for preaching. The sounding board or canopy over the pulpit is called the tornavoz in Spanish.
Spanish for Puppit, a raised platform in a church used for preaching. The sounding board or canopy over the pulpit is called the tornavoz in Spanish.