12-1818 – Hippolyte de Bouchard, a Frenchman with a privateer’s license from the Republic of Rio de la Plata (Argentina), attacks the coast of California burning both the Monterey Presidio and Mission San Juan Capistrano.
1818 – One of the first American settlers in California, Thomas Doak, constructs and paints the main altar reredos at San Juan Bautista.
1819-1834 – The Russian-American Company begins operating a hunting station on Farallon Islands.
1820 – The combined population of the California missions reaches 21,061. The population at all but three missions has peaked.